Commander, Navy Region Hawaii
Commander, Navy Installations Command

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News
Ho'okele News Archives
News Releases
First 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony January 15
USS Halsey to return from deployment
Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony set for Feb. 26
Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony set for Mar. 19
Navy Confirms Death of Sailor Sunday in Hawaii
Alleged Hazardous Material Confiscated at JBPHH
Navy goes to Merrie Monarch
Green is color of Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Shipyard Personnel to Conduct 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony, Honor History and Heritage
USS Michael Murphy to return from Western Pacific Deployment
USNS Mercy and USNS Millinocket To Depart Hawaii for Pacific Partenership Deployment
Dock at USS Arizona Memorial Under Repair. Navy, Coast Guard Investigations Underway
Vietnam Veterans to be Honored at the Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Drinking Water Remains Safe in Red Hill Vicinity
Vietnam Veteran Tim Guard to Be the Guest Speaker at Thursday's 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Navy Region and MIDPAC Change of Command set for Friday
'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony to Salute Youth
Red Hill Fuel Facility is a national strategic asset
'Pearl Harbor Colors' 70th anniversary of the end of WWII in the Pacific
Former POW Gerald Coffee to be guest speaker at Thursday's 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
U.S. Navy signs EPA and state of Hawaii consent order
USS Preble to Return from Independent Deployment
Navy seeks public input at open house scoping meetings
USS Theodore Roosevelt to arrive in Pearl Harbor Sunday
Navy invites Board of Water Supply to tour Red Hill
Chinese Navy Ships to visit Hawaii Sunday
Navy to celebrate Festival of Lights in Pearl Harbor
USS Chafee to return home from independent deployment
Chief of Naval Personnel visits Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam
COLA Living Pattern Survey takes place from Feb. 1 to March 1
Civilian helicopter goes down in Pearl Harbor
CNRH Represents Navy at Hawaii Governor's Gold Star Proclamation Signing
Hawaii Sailors Engage with Praxis to Fight Sexual Misconduct
Navy's Red Hill Tanks Pass Tightness Testing, Show No Leaking
Naval Forces Visits Hawaii
Navy Continues Stakeholder Comms on Red Hill
Secretary of the Navy Visits Hawaii Sailors, Marines
Career information Center assists Pearl Harbor commands with retention awards
Navy’s partnership with Polynesian Voyaging Society
Pearl Harbor Remembers the Battle of Midway
Native Oysters Making a Return to Pearl Harbor
Exercise Citadel Pacific 2019 taking place through June 28
Fair Winds and Following Seas to a Pearl Harbor Icon
Hawaii hurricane season has begun
Chung-Hoon Sailor recognized for saving child's life
Navy paves way forward on renewable energy
USS Oklahoma Sailor to Receive Full Honors at Funeral Service
Forged
Pearl Harbor Sailor Laid to Rest in Kansas After 78 Years
Joint services spread suicide prevention awareness
Loko Pa'aiau Fishpond Cleanup
Taking energy conservation action
MEDIA ADVISORY: Red Hill Partners To Share Info With Public
USS Wayne E. Meyer Celebrates 10 Years
Hawaii-based Sailors Test Changes During Physical Fitness Assessment Study
JBPHH Hosts "Midway" Red-Carpet Premiere
COMSUBPAC AND UH Use Drone to Deliver Supplies to Submarine
Pearl Harbor welcomes USS Boxer, 11th MEU
Media Advisory: Gun Salute at Joint Base for November 15, 2019
News Release: Navy Announces Three Deaths in Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard Shooting
News Release: Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Security Forces Respond to Active Shooter
News Release: Active Shooter
News Release: Active Shooter-update
USS Wayne E. Meyer Returns from Deployment
PMRF Wins 2019 Navy Community Service Environmental Stewardship Award
USS Abraham Lincoln arrives in Pearl Harbor for port visit
PMRF Conducts Egg Hunt
News Release: Security Incident at Nimitz gate
Navy and Air Force celebrate 17th annual Makahiki Festival
News Release – Oahu Military Family Readiness Provides Resources to Meet Service Members Needs
Ho`okele Magazine 2019
News Links
Ho`okele Magazine 2020

History

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Pearl Harbor was established as a U.S. naval base in 1908, and remains a vital part of the U.S. defense establishment today. Pearl Harbor is a national historic landmark because of its essential contribution to the rise of the U.S. as a major power in the Pacific and the crucial role it played in World War II, beginning with the Dec. 7 attack.

Prelude to War

Between the middle of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Japan transformed itself from a closed feudal society to a modern industrial and military power. In the 1930s, under the increasing influence of their military, Japan embarked on a series of conquests. With the start of World War II in Europe, resource-poor Japan saw an opportunity to seize European colonies in Southeast Asia with its resources of oil, coal, rubber, and tin.

Relations with the United States had been deteriorating since Japan took Peking in 1937. Because of rising tensions and continued Japanese aggression, the U.S. moved its Pacific Fleet to Hawaii in the spring of 1940. In July, the U.S. placed restrictions on shipments of oil and other war material to Japan. In July 1941, the U.S and other nations froze all Japanese assets. Rather than change its expansionist policies, Japan chose war with the United States to protect its territorial gains.

While diplomatic efforts were underway to resolve differences with Washington, naval planners in Japan were considering an attack on Hawaii as early as 1940. On November 25, 1941, as these negotiations were failing, a fleet of 32 warships, including six aircraft carriers and 432 planes, sailed for Hawaii on a course north of the usual shipping lanes.

Approximately 30 submarines, five carrying midget subs, sortied a day later to approach from the southwest.

The Attack

At 0600 on Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japan launched the initial strike force of 183 aircraft. At about 0645, an unidentified submarine was depth-charged at the Pearl Harbor entrance. Subsequently, approaching unidentified aircraft were detected by radar. Although U.S. forces were on war alert, these indicators of the impending attack were not communicated to those in command. The first wave of aircraft struck at 0755 in an attack that lasted half an hour. After a lull, the second wave of the attack began at 0845 and lasted another hour.

Oahu’s military airfields were attacked to prevent interdiction of the striking forces; several hundred U.S. aircraft were damaged or destroyed. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers and battleships would be the primary targets. Fortunately, all three Hawaii-based carriers were at sea. The eight battleships in port were attacked with bombs and torpedoes designed for the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor. Five battleships and three other ships were sunk or beached; three battleships and ten other ships were damaged. More than 2,000 Sailors lost their lives in the attack, along with several hundred other servicemembers and civilians.

Aftermath

Although the Japanese attack was accomplished according to plan, it was, in retrospect a strategic failure. U.S. isolationist sentiment dissolved. Moreover, seven months later, fuel supplies spared in the attack contributed to the defeat of a Japanese carrier task force by U.S. Pacific Fleet carriers at Midway, in a battle that turned the tide of the war.

 

Related Links:

Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Historic Sites app (Free download for iPhone & iPad devices)

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