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2014
Women's Equality Day event highlights roles at work, home
Navy contractors begin drilling for two new ground water monitoring wells
Navy Region Hawaii - Storm Announcements
USS Denver Will Decommission After 46 Years of Service
Hawaii to welcome USS Preble and USS John Paul Jones
USS Lake Erie to depart for new homeport of San Diego
We're in this Together: One Suicide is One Too Many
Region 'Know Load' team helps Forest City residents
RIMPAC 2014 begins June 26
Impact of RIMPAC, balancing the benefits
USS Hopper assists successful missile intercept
Summer safety advice for RIMPAC participants
E komo mai means welcome
RIMPAC 2014 facts
Take care of Hawaii's environment during RIMPAC
USS North Carolina holds change of command
Welcome to our RIMPAC friends
USS Halsey (DDG 97) to Deploy to 7th Fleet Areas of Reponsibility
RIMPAC Sailors volunteer, learn about Native Hawaiian culture
Navy water consumers in Hawaii receive annual water quality report
Navy continues battle against coconut rhinoceros beetle
Visiting Sailors volunteer to clean historic Kalaeloa Heritage Park
Navy participates in public meeting on response to Red Hill fuel release
RIMPAC 2014 participants conduct sinking exercise
Ball cap wear policy to expand starting this September
Navy Region Hawaii sets Tropical Cyclone of Readiness Four
Navy Region Hawaii sets Tropical Cyclone Condition of Readiness Four
USS Lake Erie Visits Osaka
Navy in Hawaii combats sexual harassment, assault
USS Lake Erie completes western Pacific deployment
Wear testing begins for Lightweight Type I Navy Working Uniform
Navy releases name of Sailor who died June 8 at Maunalua Bay
Military urged to stay safe while enjoying summer activities
Tips for Summer Safety
Drinking Water Remains Safe after Red Hill Leak Reported
Three pinholes found in Red Hill's empty tank 5
Navy begins visual inspection of tank at Red Hill
Navy to brief Hawaii lawmakers on Red Hill water safety
Forest City reinvests in military communities in Hawaii
Navy housing liaison shares energy saving tips
Navy rallies to conserve, reduce at Energy Action Day Fair
State, industry, port partners and U.S. military establish alternate port to enhance State of Hawaii's readiness
Theme of Hispanic Heritage Month emphasizes past, present, future
October is National Cyber Security Awareness Month
Military, state reach new heights with crane blessing ceremony
Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam hosts Women's Waterfront Symposium
Energy officials discusses Navy's future at summit
Hurricane season is still here - here comes Ana
"Know Load" tips can help residents conserve energy
Pearl Harbor Day: Let us not forget
Base brings burner to beetle battle to help prevent spread
Newspaper Archives
Admirals Commentaries
Energy security supports SECNAV, CNO goals
The role of chief: Backbone of our Navy, providing leadership
Showcasing excellence and pride at air show this weekend
'Take care of our people' is priority one
Energy Action Month: Moving from brown to green
Standing with Veterans: The meaning of 'Thank you for your service'
Lessons on working together from the past, present and into the future
Defining leadership: making a difference
Chosin and importance of perspective, reflections on namesake
Preserving Memory of Pearl Harbor Day, 'Greatest Generation'
'Pearl Harbor Colors' will honor military and families
Seizing the opportunity
Cooperative partnerships build stronger community
Vietnam War commemoration: 'Unity Over Self'
Battle of Sundra Strait lessons and need to be ready
In time of need NMCRS team supports our people, mission
'Communicating the value' of Hawaii's schools
Feeling of 'ohana' makes Hawaii special
It's an honor to lead Navy Region Hawaii/MIDPAC ohana
Service, summits show commitment to our people
Back to school, back to promoting summer safety
Remembering, Honoring, Celebrating: '70 Years of Peace'
Red Hill Fuel Facility is national strategic asset
Suicide prevention: '1 Small ACT' of kindness, hope
A Pearl Harbor perspective on remembering 9/11
Mid-September highlighted with awards, advancement
'Young enough to not die from smoking'
Stakeholder letter updates community about Red Hill
Recognizing, honoring humble heroes of WWII
Resolving to do more right in 2016
Press Releases
First 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony January 15
USS Halsey to return from deployment
Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony set for Feb. 26
Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony set for Mar. 19
Navy Confirms Death of Sailor Sunday in Hawaii
Alleged Hazardous Material Confiscated at JBPHH
Navy goes to Merrie Monarch
Green is color of Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Shipyard Personnel to Conduct 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony, Honor History and Heritage
USS Michael Murphy to return from Western Pacific Deployment
USNS Mercy and USNS Millinocket To Depart Hawaii for Pacific Partenership Deployment
Dock at USS Arizona Memorial Under Repair. Navy, Coast Guard Investigations Underway
Vietnam Veterans to be Honored at the Next 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Drinking Water Remains Safe in Red Hill Vicinity
Vietnam Veteran Tim Guard to Be the Guest Speaker at Thursday's 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
Navy Region and MIDPAC Change of Command set for Friday
'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony to Salute Youth
Red Hill Fuel Facility is a national strategic asset
'Pearl Harbor Colors' 70th anniversary of the end of WWII in the Pacific
Former POW Gerald Coffee to be guest speaker at Thursday's 'Pearl Harbor Colors' Ceremony
U.S. Navy signs EPA and state of Hawaii consent order
USS Preble to Return from Independent Deployment
Navy seeks public input at open house scoping meetings
USS Theodore Roosevelt to arrive in Pearl Harbor Sunday
Navy invites Board of Water Supply to tour Red Hill
Chinese Navy Ships to visit Hawaii Sunday
Navy to celebrate Festival of Lights in Pearl Harbor
USS Chafee to return home from independent deployment
Chief of Naval Personnel visits Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam
COLA Living Pattern Survey takes place from Feb. 1 to March 1
Civilian helicopter goes down in Pearl Harbor
CNRH Represents Navy at Hawaii Governor's Gold Star Proclamation Signing
Hawaii Sailors Engage with Praxis to Fight Sexual Misconduct
Navy's Red Hill Tanks Pass Tightness Testing, Show No Leaking
Naval Forces Visits Hawaii
Navy Continues Stakeholder Comms on Red Hill
Secretary of the Navy Visits Hawaii Sailors, Marines
Career information Center assists Pearl Harbor commands with retention awards
Navy’s partnership with Polynesian Voyaging Society
Pearl Harbor Remembers the Battle of Midway
2015
Pearl Harbor Colors honors African Americans
Hawaii commands garner CNO environmental awards
Sailors say farewells as USS Preble departs to western Pacific
Mayor, City Council promote sexual assault prevention
Navy commands in Hawaii garner top environmental awards
Pearl Harbor Colors celebrates Women's History Month
Sea Cadets learn naval tradition, leadership skills
Navy Marine Corps Relief Society honors volunteers
NEX Earth Day Expo educates young minds about environment
Pearl Harbor Colors celebrates Earth Day and National Park Week
Military Children Recognized for Scholastic Achievements
JROTC Joins Worldwide 5K Run
Pearl Harbor Plants Pinwheels for Child Abuse Prevention
Joint Base rescues sea turtle
USS Chafee leaves on deployment
Leadership of two top military commands in Hawaii to change
Joint service ceremony marks anniversary of West Loch Disaster
Ogden relieves Collins as CO of USS Chung-Hoon
Teams work together to repair USS Arizona Memorial
Navy in Hawaii honors Vietnam veterans
Navy provides annual water reports to Navy water consumers in Hawaii
Student transition program makes sure military children feel welcome
U.S. Chamber of Commerce hosts 'Hiring Our Heroes'
Next Pearl Harbor Colors to highlight youth service
Sailors honor late Pearl Harbor survivor EMC Haag
Hawaii's history and military legacy perpetuated at regatta
Pearl Harbor Navy Exchange is one of 2014 Bingham Award winners
Navy Region Hawaii is conducting the command climate survey through July 31
Pearl Harbor Colors ceremony honors future service members, leaders
Tropical Depression Ela posed no threat, but is reminder
Drivers urged to use caution as school starts July 29
USS Preble enjoys Australian culture in Darwin
Congresswoman Gabbard tours Red Hill facility
Radford Transition Center helps students adjust
USS Paul Hamilton returns from deployment
October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month
Holly Petraeus brings financial advice to Joint Base
USS Theodore Roosevelt visits Hawaii
Military, Honolulu officials rededicate site as war memorial
Pearl Harbor Colors ceremony honors Marine birthday
SECDEF Message: Celebrate the Holidays Safely
Veterans Day ceremony aboard Mighty Mo honors veterans
Navy makes strides toward energy efficiency in 2015
Japanese minister of defense visits USS Port Royal
Events to commemorate 74th anniversary of Pearl Harbor remembrance
McGinn tours Red Hill Fuel Facility during visit to Hawaii
Christmas Fire Safety
Pearl Harbor Remembrance to highlight 'Pathway to Reconciliation'

History

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Pearl Harbor was established as a U.S. naval base in 1908, and remains a vital part of the U.S. defense establishment today. Pearl Harbor is a national historic landmark because of its essential contribution to the rise of the U.S. as a major power in the Pacific and the crucial role it played in World War II, beginning with the Dec. 7 attack.

Prelude to War

Between the middle of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Japan transformed itself from a closed feudal society to a modern industrial and military power. In the 1930s, under the increasing influence of their military, Japan embarked on a series of conquests. With the start of World War II in Europe, resource-poor Japan saw an opportunity to seize European colonies in Southeast Asia with its resources of oil, coal, rubber, and tin.

Relations with the United States had been deteriorating since Japan took Peking in 1937. Because of rising tensions and continued Japanese aggression, the U.S. moved its Pacific Fleet to Hawaii in the spring of 1940. In July, the U.S. placed restrictions on shipments of oil and other war material to Japan. In July 1941, the U.S and other nations froze all Japanese assets. Rather than change its expansionist policies, Japan chose war with the United States to protect its territorial gains.

While diplomatic efforts were underway to resolve differences with Washington, naval planners in Japan were considering an attack on Hawaii as early as 1940. On November 25, 1941, as these negotiations were failing, a fleet of 32 warships, including six aircraft carriers and 432 planes, sailed for Hawaii on a course north of the usual shipping lanes.

Approximately 30 submarines, five carrying midget subs, sortied a day later to approach from the southwest.

The Attack

At 0600 on Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japan launched the initial strike force of 183 aircraft. At about 0645, an unidentified submarine was depth-charged at the Pearl Harbor entrance. Subsequently, approaching unidentified aircraft were detected by radar. Although U.S. forces were on war alert, these indicators of the impending attack were not communicated to those in command. The first wave of aircraft struck at 0755 in an attack that lasted half an hour. After a lull, the second wave of the attack began at 0845 and lasted another hour.

Oahu’s military airfields were attacked to prevent interdiction of the striking forces; several hundred U.S. aircraft were damaged or destroyed. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers and battleships would be the primary targets. Fortunately, all three Hawaii-based carriers were at sea. The eight battleships in port were attacked with bombs and torpedoes designed for the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor. Five battleships and three other ships were sunk or beached; three battleships and ten other ships were damaged. More than 2,000 Sailors lost their lives in the attack, along with several hundred other servicemembers and civilians.

Aftermath

Although the Japanese attack was accomplished according to plan, it was, in retrospect a strategic failure. U.S. isolationist sentiment dissolved. Moreover, seven months later, fuel supplies spared in the attack contributed to the defeat of a Japanese carrier task force by U.S. Pacific Fleet carriers at Midway, in a battle that turned the tide of the war.

 

Related Links:

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