Portsmouth Naval Shipyard is one of four remaining naval shipyards in the nation. It was established by the Federal Government in 1800. The Shipyard employs approximately 4,000 civilian employees. Portsmouth Naval Shipyard has an active apprentice and engineer recruitment program. In addition to the civilian workforce, there are approximately 200 naval officer and enlisted personnel.
Portsmouth Naval Shipyard encompasses over 297 acres including the main base and a family housing site off-base. Many of the buildings located at the Shipyard are in a historic district, and 50 buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Portsmouth Naval Shipyard has three dry docks and is capable of docking all active classes of submarines. There are three Coast Guard Cutters homeported at the Shipyard, SERE School, Army Recruiting Battalion, PWD NAVFAC, COMSUBGRUP TWO and the Naval Branch Health Clinic.