SANTA RITA, Guam (Sept. 18, 2019) - Officials from the Guam Department of Public Health have confirmed two cases of locally acquired infections of dengue fever. We urge residents to take preventive measures to help eliminate mosquito breeding sites around their homes and to take protective measures for themselves against mosquitoes.
Signs and Symptoms of Dengue:
Most people infected have mild or no symptoms. About 1 in 4 people infected with dengue will get sick. Mild symptoms of dengue may be confused with other illnesses that cause fever and flu-like illness. Most people will recover after about one week.
The most common symptoms are fever and one or more of the following:
- Eye pain (typically behind the eyes)
- Muscle, joint, or bone pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Unusual bleeding (nose or gum bleed, small red spots under the skin, or unusual bruising)
Severe dengue is an emergency. Recognize the warning signs.
- Warning signs: Watch for signs and symptoms of severe dengue to develop 24-48 hours after fever goes away.
- If you or a family member develops any of these warning signs, go to a local clinic or emergency room immediately:
· Severe stomach pain or vomiting (at least 3 vomiting episodes within 24 hours)
· Bleeding from the nose or gums
· Vomiting blood or blood in the stool
· Drowsiness or irritability
· Pale, cold, or clammy skin
· Difficulty breathing
Prevent Dengue: here’s how:
- Use Environmental Protection Agency registered insect repellents with one of these active ingredients: DEET, Picaridin (known as KBR 3023 and icaridin), IR3535, Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD), or 2-undecanone.
- Protect your baby or child
· Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs.
· Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
· Treat items, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents, with permethrin* or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
o Permethrin-treated clothing will protect you after multiple washings. See product information to find out how long the protection will last.
o If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions.
o Do not use permethrin products directly on skin.
- Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home
· Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
· Use air conditioning when available.
· Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors.
· Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers. Check inside and outside your home. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.
For more information about Dengue visit: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/prevention